The International Republican Institute (IRI) – Background:
IRI History : “Let us now begin a major effort to secure the best — a crusade for freedom that will engage the faith and fortitude of the next generation. For the sake of peace and justice, let us move toward a world in which all people are at last free to determine their own destiny.” These words by President Ronald Reagan in a 1982 speech before the British Parliament were the inspiration that led to the establishment of the International Republican Institute (IRI).
What is IRI? Established in April 1983, the International Republican Institute (IRI) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization committed to advancing freedom and democracy worldwide by developing political parties, civic institutions, open elections, good governance and the rule of law.
What type of work does IRI do? For 25 years, IRI has been helping to spread democracy through trainings by volunteer experts from all over the world on political party and candidate development, good governance practices, civil society development, civic education, women’s and youth leadership development, electoral reform and election monitoring, and political expression in closed societies.
How many countries does IRI work in? IRI has conducted programs in more than 100 countries and is currently active in 67 countries. When IRI began programming in 1984, the year after it was established, the institute worked in five countries – Bolivia, Colombia, Grenada, Guatemala and Portugal.
Where does IRI get its funding? The International Republican Institute (IRI) is a 501 (c)(3) and does not receive any money from the Republican Party. IRI is funded by U.S. tax dollars. The funding comes primarily from the U.S. Agency for International Development, the U.S. State Department, and the National Endowment for Democracy. IRI also receives grants and donations from individuals, corporations and foundations.
Survey Details :
IRI released its latest survey of Pakistan public opinion. The poll, conducted March 7-30, 2009. The randomly selected sample consists of 3,500 adult men and women from 216 rural and 134 urban locations in 51 districts in all four provinces of Pakistan. The margin of error for the national sample will not exceed + 1.66 percent in 19 out of 20 cases.
Key Findings of March’09 wave :
- 81% understand that Pakistan moving towards wrong direction (Drop 7% from previous wave in Oct’08)
- 18% claimed that their economical condition improve in past year ( This is 7% increase in comparison with last wave)
- In Oct’08 just 17% believe that Pakistani Economic condition will improve but in March’09 wave with the increase of 12% this believe is 29%
- In comparison of last year wave with the increase of 19% , now more than one third (38%) of respondents feel secure
- Just 10% of the respondent perceived that terrorism is any issue fro the country. According to the survey Inflation (46%) followed by unemployment (22%) are the key issue for country.
- Absolute majority (74%) agreed with the given leading statement that “Religious extremism is the problem” (what about liberal fascist extremism)
- Almost half (52% ) of the population does not support the Army offensive in NWFP & FATA
- Majority (72%) of the respondents don’t support role of USA military incursions in tribal areas
- Two third (61%) opposed the idea about support of Pakistani Govt. to USA in war against terrorism
- 72% of the respondents supported the peace deal.
- Over whelming majority (80% ) of the respondents support the implementation of Sharia laws
- Against USA will & perception majority (74%) of the respondents believe the deal will bring peace in region
- 42% of the respondents believe that Raw/ Indians are responsible for Mumbai attack.
- 74 % are not ready to accept that Lashkar-e-Taiba planned or involved in Mumbai attacked
- 73% respondents believe that Army has no role in civil govt.
- More than half (55%) respondents supported Nawaz Sharif as leader, his closest competitor is president Zardari with 9%
- As a party ML-N is enjoying largest support of 62% of the respondents where as PPP have 17% support
- The survey was conducted with 3500 respondents in March’09
- http://www.iri.org/newsreleases/pdfs/22009 May 11 Survey of Pakistan Public Opinion, March 7-30, 2009.pdf