Archive for July, 2009|Monthly archive page
Most Pakistanis now see the Pakistani Taliban as well as al Qaeda as a critical threat to the country–a major shift from 18 months ago–and support the government and army in their fight in the Swat Valley against the Pakistani Taliban. An overwhelming majority think that Taliban groups who seek to overthrow the Afghan government should not be allowed to have bases in Pakistan.
However, this does not bring with it a shift in attitudes toward the US. A large majority continue to have an unfavorable view of the US government. Almost two-thirds say they do not have confidence in Obama. An overwhelming majority opposes US drone attacks in Pakistan.
These are some of the results of a new WorldPublicOpinion.org poll conducted May 17-28, 2009. The nationwide random sample included 1000 Pakistani adults, selected using multi-stage probability sampling, who responded in face-to-face interviews. The margin of error is +/- 3.2 percent.
“A sea change has occurred in Pakistani public opinion. The tactics and undemocratic bent of militant groups–in tribal areas as well as Swat–have brought widespread revulsion and turned Pakistanis against them,” comments Clay Ramsay, research director. However, he adds: “It’s crucial to understand that the US is resented just as much as before, despite the US having a new president.”
There has been a huge increase in those who think the “activities of Islamist militants and local Taliban” are a critical threat to Pakistan–a 47 point rise to 81 percent, up from 34 percent in late 2007. If the Pakistani Taliban were to gain control of the country, 75 percent say this would be bad (very bad, 67%)–though only 33 percent think this outcome is likely.
Seventy percent say their sympathies are more with the government than with the Pakistani Taliban in the struggle over Swat. Large majorities express confidence in the government (69%) and the military (72%) to handle the situation. Retrospectively, the public leans (by 45% to 40%) toward thinking the government was right to try to make an agreement in which the Pakistani Taliban would shut down its camps and turn in its heavy weapons in return for a shari’a court system in Swat. But now 67 percent think the Pakistani Taliban violated the agreement when it sent its forces into more areas, and 63 percent think the people of Swat disapprove of the agreement.
On the Afghan Taliban, an overwhelming 87 percent think that groups fighting to overthrow the Afghan government should not be allowed to have bases in Pakistan. Most (77%) do not believe the Afghan Taliban has bases in Pakistan. However, if Pakistan’s government were to identify such bases in the country, three in four (78%) think it should close the bases even if it requires using military force.
Public attitudes toward al Qaeda training camps follow the same pattern. Those saying the “activities of al Qaeda” are a critical threat to Pakistan are up 41 points to 82 percent. Almost all (88%) think al Qaeda should not be allowed to operate training camps in Pakistan. Though 76 percent do not believe there are such camps, if the Pakistani government were to identify them, 74 percent say the government should close them, with force if necessary.
This striking new public willingness to see the government directly oppose Taliban groups and al Qaeda owes little or nothing to an “Obama effect.” A 62 percent majority expresses low confidence in President Obama to do the right thing in world affairs (none at all, 41%). Only one in three (32%) think his policies will be better for Pakistan; 62 percent think they will be about the same (26%) or worse (36%).
Views of the US remain overwhelmingly negative. Sixty-nine percent have an unfavorable view of the current US government (58% very unfavorable)–essentially the same as in 2008. Eighty-eight percent think it is a US goal to weaken and divide the Islamic world (78% definitely a goal). The US Predator drone attacks aimed at militant camps within the Pakistani border are rejected by 82 percent as unjustified. On the war in Afghanistan, 72 percent disapprove of the NATO mission and 79 percent want it ended now; 86 percent think most Afghans want the mission ended as well.
Asked about the nation’s leaders, a large majority–68 percent–views President Zardari unfavorably (very, 50%), but–unlike the recent past–there are multiple national leaders whom most do view favorably. Prime Minister Gilani is seems untarred by negative views of Zardari and gets favorable ratings from 80 percent of Pakistanis. The restored Chief Justice Chaudry is very popular (82%), and opposition leader Nawaz Sharif is extremely popular (87%). The leader most associated with the Pakistani Taliban, Maulana Sufi Mohammad, is viewed positively by only 18 percent of Pakistanis.
WorldPublicOpinion.org is a project managed by the Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) at the University of Maryland. Funding for this research was provided by the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and the Calvert Foundation.
SIALKOT, July 25: The body of an expatriate Pakistani who was allegedly tortured to death on July 21 in Birmingham, is reaching his hometown Pasrur, 33 kilometres away from here, on Sunday.
The family of 35-year-old Muhammad Arshad told Dawn that he was thrashed by four drunken Englishmen when he stopped them from uttering derogatory remarks against Islam and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him).
His spouse, Shahida, also a British national, and his three sons, seven-year-old Hamza, five-year-old Fazal and three-year-old Fahad, would accompany the coffin from Birmingham to Pasrur.
Shahida also informed Arshad’s family that one of the suspects had been arrested while hunt for the remaining ones was under way. Arshad, the son of Subedar Haji Muhammad Ashraf (retired), a local trader based in Mohallah Jinnah Gate, went to the United Kingdom around 10 years ago. He started his business of computer accessories in Birmingham after marrying Shahida.
His father told reporters that Arshad left his apartment for work when four drunken Englishmen started abusing him and the Muslims apparently for nothing.
They also uttered blasphemous remarks against the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) on which Arshad asked them to stop doing so.
This annoyed the hoodlums who started thrashing Arshad instead with clubs and rods. Arshad received serious injuries and succumbed to his wounds.
The autopsy carried out twice confirmed that Arshad’s death had been caused by the severe torture.
His wife Shahida contacted police authorities for the arrest of the four suspects on which they registered a case and arrested one of them.
The news has shaken Muslim and Pakistani communities in the United Kingdom as well as in Pakistan.
Haji Ashraf said his son was a true Muslim and he sacrificed his life to protect and preserve the honour and dignity of his religion.
His elder brother Malik Ahmad Ali said Arshad had recently sent a hefty amount to purchase a generator for a local mosque. He said the incident had indicated that Muslims were not safe in the UK.
A new WorldPublicOpinion.org poll of nations around the world finds that most publics polled believe that the Afghan people want NATO forces to leave Afghanistan now.
On average 53 percent have this belief, while 30 percent assume that most Afghans want NATO forces to stay.
Among those who believe that the Afghan people want NATO forces to leave, 76 percent say that NATO forces should leave. Among those who believe that the Afghan people want NATO forces to stay, 83 percent say NATO forces should stay. Overall, on average, 37 percent think that NATO forces should remain in Afghanistan, while 50 percent think the mission should be ended now.
At the same time there is considerable concern about the possibility of the Taliban regaining power. In 18 of 20 nations polled most think that it would be bad if the Taliban were to regain power in Afghanistan, with an average of 61 percent saying that it would be bad and just 21 percent saying that it would be good. In Pakistan, where many Afghan Taliban insurgents are based, 61 percent of the public also say that it would be bad if the Taliban were to regain power.
“Even though there is widespread concern about the possibility of the Taliban regaining power in Afghanistan, most people seem to be saying that the Afghan people should decide whether or when NATO forces leave,” comments Steven Kull, director of WorldPublicOpinion.org.
WorldPublicOpinion.org conducted the poll of 19,178 respondents in 20 nations that comprise 62 percent of the world’s population. This includes most of the largest nations–China, India, the United States, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Russia–as well as Mexico, Germany, Great Britain, France, Poland, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Kenya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, the Palestinian territories, and South Korea. Polling was also conducted in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau.
WorldPublicOpinion.org, a collaborative project involving research centers from around the world, is managed by the Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) at the University of Maryland. The margins of error range from +/-3 to 4 percentage points. The surveys were conducted across the different nations between April 4 and June 18, 2009.
The belief that most Afghans want NATO forces out is especially widespread in majority-Muslim nations, including Pakistan (86%), the Palestinian territories (74%), and Egypt (67%). However, this view is also widely held in Russia (63%), Germany (55%), and Mexico (76%).
The belief that the Afghan people want NATO to stay is the dominant position only in India (57%), the US (56%), Nigeria (53%), Kenya (52%), and the majority-Muslim nation of Azerbaijan (44% to 36%).
Within every nation people’s assumptions about the attitudes of the Afghan public are highly correlated with their attitudes about continuing the operation.
So how do the Afghan people feel? The most recent polling in Afghanistan was conducted by ABC/BBC/ARD in January of this year. At that time a majority of 59 percent of Afghans supported the NATO forces’ presence in the country. However, this was down from 67 percent who favored it in 2007, and majorities also expressed frustration with the way the mission was being conducted.
In the WPO poll, national assumptions about Afghan public attitudes are also reflected in national attitudes about the recent increase in US troops in Afghanistan. On average, 54 percent disapprove of the increase and 34 percent approve. However, in all of the nations where more believe that Afghans support the NATO presence, most people support the increase. In nearly all of the nations where more believe that Afghans oppose NATO presence, most people oppose the increase.
The two exceptions to this pattern are Britain and Iraq. Though in both cases pluralities believe that Afghans want NATO to leave, in Britain a plurality (50%) approves of the increase and in Iraq views are divided.
Asked how they feel about the UN-authorized NATO mission to stabilize Afghanistan and defend against the Taliban, views are divided. Nine nations approve, while 10 disapprove. On average 44 percent approve and 45 percent disapprove. Here again, attitudes are highly correlated with assumptions about the attitudes of the Afghan people.
Funding for this project was provided by the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and the Calvert Foundation.
A new poll by WorldPublicOpinion.org finds that the public in 14 of 19 nations surveyed feels that their government’s efforts to address the economic crisis do not go far enough, while in three more nations the public leans toward this view. Most publics favor government support for troubled companies and a global body that would monitor large financial institutions.
However, nations differ on whether, in the current crisis, their government should put up new trade barriers to protect domestic industries.
A majority or plurality of the public in nearly every nation polled faults their government for not doing enough to remedy the economic crisis. Across all nations polled, an average of 56 percent say their “government’s efforts to address the current economic crisis” “do not go far enough;” 25 percent say they “are about right”; and only 15 percent say these efforts “go too far.”
The notable exceptions are the Chinese public, where 63 percent feels that its government’s efforts “are about right,” and the public in India, where as many think efforts “go too far” (37%) as think they “do not go far enough” (36%; 21% say “about right). China and India are two of the rare countries where substantial growth in real GDP is forecast in 2009.
Government action to provide financial support for large industries in trouble is widely supported around the world. Respondents were asked to choose between two positions, one arguing in favor and one against government support for troubled industries. Majorities in 16 nations and a plurality in another endorse the view in favor of governments using “public funds to help large manufacturing companies in trouble because if they fail it damages the general economy and too many people lose their jobs.” On average, 58 percent favor their government providing public funds to such companies.
Only 34 percent on average support the counter-position to public funding offered in the poll–that the government should not use funds to help such companies because they “are likely to fail anyway and the economy will be more vital if weak companies are allowed to fail.”
The American public, alone among nations polled, opposes government financial intervention for these companies by a robust 70 percent (28% favor government financial aid). The survey was conducted in the US following massive interventions by the government to support the banking industry and also General Motors and Chrysler. Polling in the US has generally shown public discomfort with bailout strategies.
WorldPublicOpinion.org conducted the poll of 18,066 respondents in 19 nations that comprise 62 percent of the world’s population. This includes most of the largest nations–China, India, the United States, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Russia–as well as Mexico, Germany, Great Britain, France, Poland, Ukraine, Kenya, Egypt, Turkey, Iraq, the Palestinian territories, and South Korea. Polling was also conducted in Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau.
WorldPublicOpinion.org, a collaborative project involving research centers from around the world, is managed by the Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) at the University of Maryland. The margins of error range from +/-3 to 4 percentage points.. The surveys were conducted across the different nations between April 4 and June 12, 2009.
International regulation of large financial institutions is a difficult policy issue for leaders of major nations, and the public has complex views as well. When asked whether “to prevent international economic instability, there should be a global regulating body that monitors big financial institutions” or whether such a body “is a bad idea because it would interfere in our economy and could make it less productive,” 17 of 19 nations favor a regulatory body. Only the US public opposes the idea (52% to 44%) and Russia is divided (39% favor, 36% oppose). On average 57 percent favor the argument for international regulation and 32 percent are opposed.
However, for many it appears there are some limits on how far they are ready to go in giving international regulatory agencies direct power over their banks. In a separate question, the argument in favor of international standards for banking was countered by the argument that “each nation should maintain the freedom to make its own decisions about regulating its banks.” In this context, in seven nations majorities or pluralities endorse this argument against regulation, while seven still favor the argument for regulation and five are divided. On average 45 percent favor the argument for regulation while 47 percent favor the argument against it.
These divided opinions about international regulation versus potential loss of national control over one’s banking system seem to cut across nations with different levels of development. Germany (56%) and France (55%) favor international standards, whereas the public in South Korea (66%) and the US (55%) favor national autonomy in regulating banks. The British public is divided. Developing nations appear on both sides of the issue.
Many economists fear that protectionism will arise in response to the global economic crisis, and there is some evidence of this. Presented two statements, 11 nations favor the view that to help domestic firms during the current economic crisis, governments should make it “harder for foreign companies to sell products here.” However, in seven publics most favored the counter-argument that this “would be a bad idea because other countries will then do the same thing to our companies.”
The 11 nations in favor of temporary protectionism were Nigeria (70%), Egypt (69%), Turkey (67%), Mexico (61%), Kenya (59%), Russia (55%), Indonesia (55%), Ukraine (53%), India (49%), the Palestinian territories (48%), and Iraq (47%).
However, majorities in nations which are large traders in manufactured goods think it would be a bad idea, including all four members of the EU that were polled: Germany (68% bad idea), Great Britain (68%), France (57%), and Poland (53%)–as well as South Korea (68%), China (63%) and the US (55%).
“The economic crisis does not seem to produce a lurch towards protectionism everywhere,” notes Stephen Weber of WorldPublicOpinion.org. “Countries with a large stake in international trade see barriers as, on balance, a bad idea, but in less developed trading economies, protecting industries is attractive.”
It also does not appear that the support for temporary protectionism is a sign that people are pulling away from globalization. In 16 of 19 publics most still feel that “globalization, especially the increasing connections of our economy with others around the world, is mostly good” including seven of the 11 nations that endorse temporary protectionism.
However there has been some decline in the numbers endorsing globalization (compared to earlier polling by WPO), primarily in Egypt, the Palestinian territories, Kenya, Indonesia, and Russia. All of these nations also favor temporary protectionism.
Perceived Causes of Economic Downturn
The economic downturn of 2008-2009 has been the most widespread in at least 70 years. Asked to assess the primary factors contributing to their nation’s economic problems, publics around the world see multiple factors and do not appear to heap all blame on a single cause or country.
The “economic policies of the US” is the factor with the largest percentage saying that it has contributed “a lot” to their nation’s economic downturn. On average, 49 percent of the public across nations attributed a lot of the blame to US policies.
Publics around the world generally see their own nation’s economic policies as a significant contributing factor as well. It is seen as the second biggest contributor, with an average of 42 percent saying that their nation’s policies contributed a lot.
No nation seems to feel that its government’s policies were blameless – fewer than 30 percent of the people in every nation polled say that domestic economic policy was “not at all” a factor in the downturn, or that they don’t know. Only four percent of the public in the US say their economic policy was not a factor. Further, those publics where majorities say their own nation’s economic policies contributed “a lot” are all in developing or middle-tier nations: Ukraine (68%), Pakistan (58%), Kenya (56%), Nigeria (54%), the Palestinian territories (53%), Iraq (53%), and Mexico (52%).
Debt taken on by consumers in their own country is also seen as a contributing factor. A majority of respondents in Great Britain (83%), the US (74%), Mexico (64%), and South Korea (62%) identify too much consumer debt as contributing a lot to the economic downturn in their country. Only 13 percent of the public in China saw this factor as contributing a lot, the lowest of any country. China, of course, has one of the highest savings rates in the world.
Excessive risk-taking by bankers, both domestic and international, receives blame for the economic downturn as well. On average across nations, similar numbers of the public say excessive risks by domestic bankers contributed a lot (42%) to their country’s economic downturn as say that risks taken by international bankers contributed a lot (42%).
In only five nations do an actual majority of the public blame their domestic bankers “a lot”: Great Britain (89%), Germany (78%), the US (77%), France (64%), and Mexico (58%). Banks in the US and Western Europe were at the heart of the global financial contagion. A majority in the same nations blame risk taking by international bankers a lot: Germany (88%), Great Britain (79%), France (77%), the US (57%) and Mexico (55%); and they were joined by South Korea, where 61 percent of the public say excessive risk taking by international bankers contributed a lot to their country’s economic downturn. In no other nations do a majority of the public say excessive risk-taking by domestic or international bankers contributed a lot.
Some observers argue that large trade imbalances are an important factor in the global downturn, pointing to China’s very large trade surplus and foreign exchange reserves as creating structural imbalances which endanger the global economy. The publics around the world, however, see the economic policies of China to be a relatively small contributor to the economic downturn, the smallest of the six factors evaluated. Overall, across nations only 26 percent of those polled say that the economic policies of China contributed a lot. In not a single nation among the 19 does a majority identify this factor as contributing a lot.
|Source : http://www.gallup.com.pk/index.php Almost Two Thirds (64%) Prefer Popular Music Over Other Genres of Music
Although more than half of all Pakistanis (59%) are fond of listening to music, a significant 39% do not listen to music. Amongst various genres of music, popular music has more listener ship (64%) followed by Ghazals (18%), Qawalis (6%) and others (5%). Ghazals and Qawalis are mostly heard by older people as compared to people under 30 years of age who are fond of popular music. Recent findings show that English music (considered mostly as western music) has less appeal in Pakistan as compared to other genres. Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more of the mass media.
|Majority (72%) Prefers Using Tooth Paste to Clean Their TeethMore than two thirds of all Pakistanis (72%) use toothpaste for dental care followed by Miswak and Manjan Powder each used by 18% and 9% respectively. Amongst those who do not use tooth paste, majority (27%) claimed toothpaste is an expensive product, 25% said there is no specific reason for them to not use tooth paste, 17% believe tooth paste does not clean teeth properly, 22% claimed they use Miswak instead, because it is cheaper and 6% said that their method of cleaning their teeth (i.e Miswak) is a Sunnat (practiced and promoted by the Prophet sws).|
|Majority (82%) Claim Their Eating Habits Have Changed Due to Increase in the Prices of Food ItemsMore than two thirds of all Pakistanis (82%) claim that an increase in the price of food items has affected their eating habits to a great or at least to some extent. Ten percent (10%) of the respondents stated that inflation in food items has had a very little affect on their eating habits where as for 7% there has been no change. Rise in the prices of eatables has made people from all income groups to change their eating habits.|
|Majority Believes (41%) that Parents Should Allow Their Children to Marry Someone of Their Own ChoiceHigher number of Pakistanis (41%) believe that parents should allow their children to marry someone of their own choice, while 31% said they should not be allowed. Twenty eight percent (28%) claimed that it all depends on the situation. The data reveals that boys tend to get more support for love marriage as compared to their female counter parts. It must however be noted that concepts like ‘marriage by choice’ are strongly influenced by customs and traditions and ‘love marriage’ may not necessarily be the term that captures the meaning of our respondents. It is our approximation, open for debate. According to analysts at Gallup Pakistan, opposition to ‘marriage by choice’ may not be so stark as it seems and may connote an opposition to choice which is disapproved by the family. Similarly support for choice may also not be so open-ended as to endorse defiance of views of other family members. The findings of the survey should be read in that context.|
|41% Claim to Have Access to a Motorcycle; Majority does not have any Personal TransportationMajority of all Pakistanis do not own any means of personal transportation, 8% have claimed to own a car and 41% of the respondents said they have access to motorcycles. Motorcycles may or may not be owned by them and might belong to a close relative or work place. A higher percentage of urbanites compared to the ruralites, have access to cars or motorcycles.|
|More Than 50% Men and Women in Pakistan Claim to Assist Each Other in Running the HouseholdMen (56%) and women (55%) in Pakistan claim that they assist each other in running the household. There are some chores inside the house with which men claim to help and women are also believed to partake in running errands outside the house. However there is still a significantly high percentage of men (43%) and women (44%) who do not take each others responsibilities, instead they play the role customs and socialization has described for them.|
|One Fourth of Pakistanis Claim Their Family Member Suffered Due to Heat IntensityOne fourth of all Pakistanis (29%) claimed someone from their family member fell sick because of the heat intensity this year, where as 68% said the heat did not affect anyone’s health in their family.|
|Very Few Mosques Are Believed to Provide a Separate Praying Area for WomenMajority of all Pakistanis (85%) said that mosques situated in their local areas do not have any sort of reserved place for women to take part in the congregational prayers, while 12% claimed their local mosques do. The survey shows that Punjab is believed to have maximum number of mosques with female praying areas.|
|21% Claim to Have a Recreational Park Near Their House; 42% Regularly Visit These Parks|
21% of all Pakistanis said they have a recreational park near their house, whereas the majority (79%) claimed to have no such facility. Amongst those who do have a park near their residence, majority (42%) claimed to be regular visitors.
|Views on Methods of Social ChangePublic attitude is divided on how best to change and improve society. A third of Pakistanis subscribe to revolutionary views, another third support gradual reform and the remaining third want the status quo to remain. Interestingly, men showed a proportionately higher preference for revolutionary change while women claimed to equally support both revolution and gradual reformation for bringing change in society|
|Very Few Pakistanis Can Afford Recreational ActivitiesOnly a minority of all Pakistanis participate in outdoor activities such as Eating out (31%), Domestic travel for fun (27%), Domestic travel for work (16%), and Foreign travel for fun and work (1% each) within a span of one year. Majority are unable to do any of these activities possibly due to lack of finances and opportunity. Interestingly there is a flip side to it. As opportunities for financially affordable individual and nuclear-family focused activities are few, most Pakistanis seek entertainment in extended-family based congregations and communal gatherings.|
|One Third of Pakistanis View Globalization Favorably, the Rest Are Divided; Half of Them Believe Foreign Investment Has a Positive ImpactWhile the majority of Pakistanis (35%) have favorable views about globalization, a sizeable percentage think it is neither good nor bad (28%) or simply have not formed a view yet (24%). Despite this ambiguity, more than half (52%) deem foreign investment to be valuable for their country’s economic progress.|
|Only 5% Claimed to Have Traveled Abroad; UAE Tops The Most-Visited ListMajority of all Pakistanis (95%) have never had a chance to travel outside Pakistan, only 5% said they have gone abroad. Amongst those, who have traveled overseas, majority (52%) have visited UAE. The remaining respondents have claimed to visit Asian countries (24%), Europe (13%), and Africa/USA (10%). The survey shows that majority (44%) of these people went abroad for employment or business ventures and one third (34%) traveled to perform Haj or Umra (The Holy Pilgrimage to Mekkah). Some of the other reasons cited were recreation (8%), visiting relatives (8%), and education or others (6%).|
|While Majority (47%) Claim to Earn Enough For Living, 42% Said Their Income is Not EnoughOnly a hand full of Pakistanis (11%) earn such that they can have savings, where as most of the respondents either earn enough for their living (47%) or below average (42%). Regarding their current economic condition, 38% claimed it is the same as in the previous year and 31% said it is a little better. Forty three percent (43%) said that their personal economic conditions would remain the same in the future and 41% are hopeful that their financial situation would either be a lot better (12%) or at least a little better (29%) after one year. It must be noted that these are perceptions and may or may not match the material situation experienced by the respondents.|
|31% Use Emergency Lights During Load SheddingMajority (42%) of all Pakistanis require electricity to a great or some extent to do their work. Just as many (42%) are either forced to terminate their work during the day or discontinue working during load shedding. Only 11% have the luxury of using generators or UPS.|
Hijab is a religious obligation or traditional is a debate which broke by confused minded liberal facist. My Cyber Mujahid & Bhai like friend – Adnan Siddiqui forwarded me a thought provoking link in this connectionwhich I am sharing to you people to enlighten yourselves.
Here, I am sharing two videos to you which are very inspiring, first one is monologue & other one is an impressive nasheed by Dawud Warnsby Ali on Hijab. Hope you will enjoy