Kashif Hafeez Siddiqui

Pakistan: Envisioned as Islamic State

In Pakistan's Ideology on January 21, 2010 at 11:25 am

By – Ahmad Subhani

Source : http://pakistandesk.com/?p=3701

Apropos of Ms.Nosheen Saeed’s article titled,” From Integration to Isolation” appearing in Pakistan Observer of  9th January; while agreeing with most of the observations made by the worthy columnist, I am constraint to differ from one of her vital observation that reads,”…misinterpreting homeland for Muslims for Islamic State…” Also, her contention that, “ The fact that the Pakistan movement was all about political rights, economic opportunities,  equality and social justice for Muslims of India was misconstrued and given an ideological dimension”, is only partly true. To ascertain the factual position in this regard ,let us seek guidance from the founding fathers of Pakistan namely, the Quaid and Allama Iqbal .Reproduced here under are relevant extracts from their speeches and writings on the subject:–

Iqbal who conceived the idea of a separate homeland for Indian Muslims, in his presidential address at the annual session of the All India Muslim League at Allahabad in 1930, said,” India was the biggest Islamic country and in it Islam could be sustained as a living cultural entity only if it was centralized in a specific territory [ for that he demanded ] formation of a consolidated Muslim State in the best interest of India and Islam. For India, it means security and peace resulting from an internal balance of power, for Islam an opportunity to rid itself of the stamp that Arabic Imperialism was forced to give it, to mobilize its laws, its education, its customs, its culture, and to bring them in close contact with its own original spirit and with the spirit of modern times” He elucidated the point further in his monumental work,”  The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam”  saying,”….during the course of history, the moral and social ideals of Islam have been gradually de-Islamized through the influence of local character and pre- Islamic superstitions of Muslim nations…..The only alternative open to us, then, is to tear off from Islam the hard crust which has immobilized an essentially dynamic outlook on life, and to rediscover the original verities of freedom, equality and solidarity with a view to rebuild our moral ,social and political ideals out of their original simplicity and universality”.In his concluding remarks [6th lecture of  above named book ],advises,” Let the Muslim of to-day appreciate his position, reconstruct his social life in the light of ultimate principles {of Quran} and evolve out of the hitherto partially revealed purpose of Islam, that spiritual democracy which is the ultimate aim of Islam”.

Quaid-Azam’s speech at Chittagong [ March,1948]:” Pakistan means not only freedom and independence, but also the Muslim Ideology that has to be preserved that has come to us as a precious gift and treasure”. In his Pakistan Day Message in March,1945, he said, “In Pakistan lies our deliverance, defence and honour. If we fail, we perish and there will be no signs and symptoms of Muslims or Islam left in the sub-continent”.

“ The Constitution of Pakistan has yet to be framed———I am sure it will be of a democratic type embodying essential features of Islam. To-day, they are as applicable in modern times, as these were 1300 years ago———-in any case, Pakistan is not going to be a Theocratic State—–to be ruled by the priests with a Devine Mission”. [Broadcast to the U.S.A.-February ,48 ]

“ Islam  is not merely confined to the spiritual tenets and doctrine, rituals and ceremonies. It is a complete code regulating the whole Muslim Society, every department of life collectively and individually” [Eid Message—September, 1948 ]

“ In Islam, ultimate obedience belongs to God alone. The only way to follow this guidance is through the Holy Quran .Islam does not preach obedience to a king, parliament, a person or institution. The Islamic government means rule of the Quran. And how can you establish the rule of  the Quran without an independent state?”. [Address to the students of the Usmania University, Hyderabad, Deccan, India —August,  1941 ].

From the above, it is quite clear that the founding fathers of Pakistan wanted it to emerge as a Democratic Islamic State and not a Theocratic or Secular one. As quoted earlier, the Quaid denounced a Theocratic set up  in no uncertain terms. At the same time, he never used the term “secular” in conjunction with Pakistan or its Constitution. There is a wide-spread misperception that if it is not a theocratic state, then it necessarily has to be a secular one, and vice-versa. It is not so. An Islamic State, in fact , lies in between these two extremes .Briefly speaking, in theocracy there is total and absolute control of religious clergy over the private and public affairs of the state, where as, in a secular regime, religion is virtually banned from having any say in public [state ] affairs. In an Islamic State, it is the primary duty of the Government to implement Quranic Laws through mutual consultation [“ shura” ] and through the process of “ijtehad”. Clergy can be consulted in this respect but it cannot dictate or enforce its will on the government as there is no priesthood in Islam. As such, there is no intermediary between a Muslim and his Allah and Quran remains the all important link between these two

  1. I see that this is in response to Ishtiaq Ahmed’s article on Pakteahouse.

    This “Democratic Islamic State” (with a Hindu – who had no clue about Islam- as a law minister) which gives equal rights to all its citizens and does not discriminate is essentially a secular state. It certainly is far far away from Maududi and Jamaat-e- Islami’s theo-democracy.

    Your problem (and Mr. Subhani’s) is that you can’t distinguish between political expediency and fact… between form and substance and your understanding of the word secularism is based on your own prejudices. What would you say to the fact that Jinnah described Turkey as the ideal Muslim state and Ataturk as the ideal Muslim leader?

    Anyway we’ve been through this and sadly you lack the skills to understand simple logical arguments because your head is clogged.

    Mr. Subhani has written a fine article. He has only erred in his definition of “secular”. You however are completely erroneous.

  2. Two incidents make it very clear…

    In 1943 Dr. A H Kazi of Bombay presented a resolution saying that the future constitution of Pakistan should be based on Islam. Jinnah vetoed it and declared it as nothing less than censure.

    The second was from Karachi’s Khaliqdina hall. A man got up and said “Quaid-e-Azam we have been promising Pakistan ka matlab kiya laillah ilallah” ..

    Jinnah replied: “Sit down sit down… neither I nor the working committee of the Muslim League ever promised Pakistan ka matlab…. you might have … to catch a few votes”.

    Jinnah the politician might pay speak of universal Islamic principles and egalitarian Muslim ideology, but Jinnah the statesman never allowed Islam to be brought into resolutions, constitutions, documentation.

    As a lawyer he understood the difference. His mistake was that he did not understand how his worst enemies – Maududians and the like- would one day use his words selectively out of context to defeat his own vision.

    • wht a complete distortion of historical facts!!!

      Go and read all of his speeches when he gave as governor general!!!

      You are disgracing the efforts of Quaid-e-Azam.

      “All I require of you now is that everyone of us to whom this message reaches must vow to himself and be prepared to sacrifice his all, if necessary, in building up Pakistan as a BULWARK of ISLAM…”
      [The Task Ahead: SPeech at a Mamoth Rally @ the University STadium, Lahore on 30th October, 1947].

      • My friend…

        Like Jinnah said to that gentleman… bring the resolution … bring the document…. bring the constitutional amendment where Jinnah allowed Islam to come in.

        I have already pointed out that Jinnah the politician fighting to unite the Muslim minority did use many Islamic symbols… but Jinnah the statesman never allowed Islam to come in to the constitution.

        May I suggest that you also read some of the speeches of Kemal Ataturk (who Jinnah described as the ideal Muslim leader of the time) from Turkish War of Independence …. Kemal Ataturk’s speeches are even more Islamic and even more Muslim and Quran focused.

        Then try and convince the Turks that Ataturk wanted to make Turkey an Islamic state.

        • “Kemal Ataturk’s speeches were more more Islamic…”

          u have lost all your senses I think.

          Ya Allah khair.

  3. The article to which Kashifiat’s blog is a response;

    Pakistan was meant to be secular by Jinnah


  4. @YLH

    Anyway we’ve been through this and sadly you lack the skills to understand simple logical arguments because your head is clogged.

    Mr. Subhani has written a fine article. He has only erred in his definition of “secular”. You however are completely erroneous.

    The person cannot argue without loading his sentences with verbal garbage and intellectual bullshit.

  5. more over, Pakistan was created on a platform that there should be a free state for Muslims so that they can live according to their own principles (no one can ever deny that).

    In the Noble Quran it is clear that any law that created contrary to what Allah has commanded is an act of KUFR!!

    May Allah safe guard our Imaan and bestow his blessings on this ignorant nation of Pakistan. May Allah guide us on the Sirat Al Mustaqeem, ameen.

  6. Muslims are suppose to live according to the Sharia established by His Seal of the prophethood Muhammad Arabi SAW.

    Any diversion from Sharia is misguidance. Arguing over QUaid-e-Azam is useless, we should argue base on Islam!!!

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