Posts Tagged ‘India’
By Raza Malik
Every year since 1991 the people of Pakistan Observe the 5th February as a day to express solidarity with the people of Kashmir, who have been struggling and rendering unparalleled sacrifices to achieve their birthright, the right of self determination, for past six decades
To understand the importance of the observance of Kashmir Solidarity Day, one needs to understand the history of India’s occupation of Kashmir, which dates back to the partition of the subcontinent in 1947 after a century of British rule. According to the Indian Independence Act and Partition Plan of June 3, 1947, passed by the British Parliament on July 18, 1947, the Indian British colony was to be divided into two sovereign states. The Hindu-majority areas were to form India and the Muslim-majority areas of Western provinces and east Bengal were to be included in the state of Pakistan.
Under the criterion of partition, the princely states had to accede either to Pakistan or to India, keeping in consideration the geographical situation and communal demography. Being a Muslim-majority state, with an 87% Muslim population, Kashmir had a natural tendency to accede to Pakistan, but the evil designs of its then Hindu ruler, Maharaja Hari Singh, and the Indian National Congress paved the way to destroy the future of millions of people of Kashmir. India occupied the state by deploying its army there on October 27, 1947, in total disregard to the spirit of the partition plan and against the Kashmiris’ aspirations.
The people of Kashmir did not accept the illegal Indian occupation from day one and have been conducting their liberation struggle ever since. They started an armed struggle supported by a public uprising. On January 1, 1948, India approached the United Nations Security Council, which in its successive resolutions, accepted by both Pakistan and India, approved a ceasefire, demarcation of a ceasefire line, and demilitarization of the state and called for a free and impartial plebiscite to be conducted by the UN. The demarcation of ceasefire resulted in dividing Kashmir into two parts, Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Indian Occupied Kashmir. Phase one of the UN resolutions — the ceasefire — was implemented while demilitarization of the territory and the holding of a plebiscite under the UN umbrella remains unimplemented till this day.
The most deplorable aspect of the Kashmir dispute is that India itself had taken the issue to the United Nations but later backed away from the promises it had made in front of the international community regarding the settlement of the dispute and allowing the people of Kashmir the right to self-determination.
The people of the occupied territory, after seeing the failure of all peaceful means aimed at settling the Kashmir dispute, started a massive uprising in 1989 to secure their right to self-determination, which gained momentum with every passing day, forcing India to sit down at the negotiation table with Pakistan. But the most lamentable aspect of the picture is that while Pakistan demonstrated considerable flexibility in the dialogue process, India’s intransigent approach continues to remain the biggest obstacle in the way to resolution of the Kashmir dispute.
Despite the continuation of the dialogue process between India and Pakistan and the initiation of the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs) between the two countries and across the Line of Control (LoC), the situation on the ground in the occupied territory remains unchanged as the Indian troops have broken all records of human rights violations by killing innocent people, arresting youth, disgracing and harassing women, and setting residential houses ablaze with impunity.
Ironically, instead of taking the mammoth anti-India protest demonstrations in the second half of 2008 as Kashmiris’ referendum against the Indian illegal occupation of their soil, India staged another election drama to hoodwink the international community and to impose another puppet administration on Kashmiris. During an election process lasting more than a month, the occupation authorities placed the entire Hurriyet leadership in jails or under house arrest and kept the entire Kashmir Valley under siege.
Pakistan has repeatedly emphasized that it would never accept any option for the resolution of the core issue between Pakistan and India, which goes against Kashmiris’ aspirations. Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani have repeatedly said that Kashmir belongs to the Kashmiris and they are the arbiters of their fate.
Historically speaking, there are several reasons why Pakistan and its people express solidarity with Kashmiris. The most striking are the common cultural, ideological, geographical, and emotional bonds, which for centuries have tied the people of both areas into one unity. Moreover, the people of Pakistan rightly feel that Kashmir is the unfinished business of the partition of the subcontinent.
The core issue of Kashmir, between India and Pakistan, has led Pakistan to face three wars and have devoted a major portion of their national incomes to defense budgets. World leaders have stressed the need to resolve the Kashmir dispute between India and Pakistan to avoid an eventuality that may cause a catastrophe in the region.
This is the context of observing Kashmir Solidarity Day. Thus the 5th of February is a day to acknowledge Kashmiris’ struggle for justice, peace, truth, and fundamental human rights.
The writer is a senior news editor of the Kashmir Media Service and can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
By Haris Khan
Every nation displays their military hardware on different occasions. The basic purpose to perform such an act is to dispel a silent message to the enemy to “layoff”. Darwin rightly stated “it is survival of the fittest” so in foreign policy determinants being fit (economically and militarily) will guarantee your survive on the world map.
Pakistan is no exception to when it comes to dealing with Realpolitik as she faces a rouge neighbor in shape of India. Pakistan fought two major (1965 & 1971) and three minor wars(1948 Kashmir, Siachen 1984 & Kargil 1999) with India but all of them were fought with conventional weapons. Whenever there would be a crises situation around the world, former president of U.S, Bill Clinton, would ask his chiefs, which naval aircraft carrier is near to the hot zone thus proving the importance of battle ships in U.S foreign policy.
India triggered nuclear arms race in south-Asia back in 1974 when she detonated nuclear devices code named “Smiling Buddha” in pokhran range thus compelling Late Primer Z.A. Bhutto to state that, “we will eat grass but will built an atomic bomb”.
Pakistan being a small country with limited depth in geography also had to adopt a profound strategy to limit Indian in terms of rash aggression. Bhutto called a secret meeting of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (P.A.E.C) and other related nuclear scientists in multan back in 1974-75 and gave them his piece of mind.
Some of them gave him 8 to 10 years time by adopting plutonium route which was way too difficult. Puzzled and quizzed for the time duration of making a bomb. Bhutto was approached by Dr. Abdul Qadeer khan and put forward a Uranium route for making a bomb in sharp 6 years. Bhutto eyes sparked and gave him the go ahead with the name “Project-706”.
It is an open secret that Pakistan duged tunnels in chaghi and kharan by P.A.E.C up till 1980 did cold testing of its bomb between 1982 and 1984. Some conspiracies even go to the extent of saying that, for hot tests the devices were shifted to china where it had a 100% success rate. 80’s was the time when U.S president Ronald Regan would personally give guarantees to the loud heard senator, John glen and the rest of congressmen criticizing Pakistan nuclear program.
In the whole affair Israel moved fast and Mossad dispatched parcel bombs around the globe to component suppliers of Pakistan nuclear program. In a joint plan they even collaborated with India to strike at the heart of Khan Research Laboratory to destroy the crown jewels of Pakistan in a repeat strike plan of Osirak plant. Again a message was conveyed silently by former ambassador Agha Shahi and both refrained from attempting such an act of aggression.
In 1998 India fired “Prithvi missile” and balance of power tilted towards India. Pakistan reciprocated and fired “Ghori missile”. Later India did 5 hot tests of nuclear devices up to 40 kt yield. Pakistan was given threats every day by BJP leaders in India but Pakistan kept its nerves cool. After more than 17 days and upholding intense pressure by Americans Pakistan reciprocated and detonated five nuclear devices in the Chagai Hills in the Chaghai district, Balochistan. This operation was named Chagai-I.
Since that day Pakistani nation have kept their heads held high but such a scenario was short lived. Our so called leaders have let us down and we irrespective of being a nuclear power nation have been sliced to a status of a paper tiger.
We have forgotten “yom-e-takbir”, the day when we took out our crown jewels from the basement and showed it to the world. Yes, we the Pakistanis have no designs of conquering India or disturbing world peace but we prepare ourselves “not on our enemy’s preparations but his intention”. It is high time to unite Pakistan and not to further divide it. Our enemy is shred and dividing us on ethnic lines and we have to thwart this danger from roots.
May ALLAH be with Pakistan.(Aameen)
Source : http://www.pakistankakhudahafiz.com/
By : Dr Jawwad
I may sound cynical to many of you but honestly i am disturbed to see the joy, celebration and enthusiasm over the news of imminent marriage of Shoaib Malik and Sania Mirza.It has become a hot topic in not only Inidan and Pakistan but also among the expatriate (indo/pak) communities in Saudi Arab. Every one seems to be happy and every one wants to talk about it. Whenever few people gather, they discuss this issue. It reminds me the human tendency towards subjectiveness. This subjective approach hampers our ability to see distant objects and hence results in lack of objectiveness in our think process.
While the whole nation is rejoiced at the news, I am sitting on my chair,thinking about the “dark side” of this marriage. I know I would sound cynical and chauvinistic but allow me to share my perspective.
* Sania Mirza got all the fame, popularity, wealth and iconic status in a very young age. She became a darling of India, pampered and loved by all Indians and projected by Indian and world media. She got every thing one could wish on this earthy life. Undoubtedly it would have given her a very powerful sense of self. She is wealthy, rich and famous person of India. She is a independent girl .Unlike majority of Muslim girls of the subcontinent, she doesn’t need a husband for the bread and butter. She can take care of all her livelihoods. It sounds schauvinistic in our rapidly changing society but i believe the sustainability of the marriage in our typical male dominant society based on dependence of the women. The sense of providing livelihoods to the family is some thing on which man’s character, attitude and his authority develops. It gives the typical Pakistani Muslim mediocre mindset. This mindset always demands some thing extra and undue favor from the wives. Which will be absent in the marriage . The luxury of being “husband” could not be availed by Shoaib Malik. He couldn’t use his “veto” and all household matter will be settled by “discussion and consultation”. I do not know about you but i really love my veto power although it is used rarely.
* Unlike cross border terrorism, it would not be a “cross border marriage”. Initial reports are coming that due to “security” reasons, the bride and groom will settle in Dubai. For Shaoiab Malik’s family it wouldn’t be good news. Shoaib Malik has to face a sense of detachment not as a compulsion of life but as a condition of marriage. I don’t think that it could be entertained for longer period of time. Soon he will come out from glamorous experience of the marriage, he will insist on living with his family and cause a confrontation between husband and wife.
* The powerful personality of Sania Mirza will overshadow Shoaib Malik. He will miss the selflessness, attentiveness and service of typical Pakistani/Indian wife.
* He has to face the torment of seeing his wife playing in semi naked dress. He has to listen and read the vulgar and obscene comments on body parts of his wife. The sense of uneasiness will be enormous for the family of Shoaib Malik living in Pakistan. (I would suggest Shaoaib Malik and his family and friends not to search any thing about Sania Mirza on internet)
* The real problem will arise when a modern and liberal wife of Shaoib Malik will move in her social circle. The dance parties with the drinks, male friends, wealthy and powerful admirer of Sania Mirza, will give a real torture and a really tough time.
I do not know about future, neither I have a ability to prophesize any thing but i do not see the success of this marriage unless Shoaib Malik converts himself from ordinary Muslim Pakistani into all and ever happy liberal freak. What i see that if this marriage is sustained, will take a high price from Shoaib Malik.
This is the second episode of our efforts to provide the basic knowledge about Pakistani consumers daily habits & practices. Hope you will not only read it but also introduce this facts to others in your debates & discussios.
Source : http://www.gallup.com.pk/index.php
More than half of all Pakistanis (55%) take interest in sports, just as many like cricket in particular.
Honesty is the most important characteristic for a good leader as majority of the Pakistanis (59%) ranked it number one out of eight options.
It was followed by 18% who think piety and 10% who think a good education are the most important qualities.
|66% Believe Human Rights Are Observed in PakistanTwo thirds of Pakistanis (66%) believe human rights are observed in Pakistan to a great or some extent, but only six in ten believe there is equality before the law.When the respondents were read out a list of human rights it was seen that majority believe that all of those are followed in Pakistan: Right to Freedom of Religion (90%), Right to Freedom of Expression (78%), Right to Marriage with consent of the intending spouses (78%), Right to Freedom from Torture (64%), Right to Just and Favorable Remuneration (65%),|
|Two Thirds of All Pakistanis Serve Cold Beverages to their Guests During Summers More than two thirds (78%) of all Pakistanis prefer to serve cold beverages, such as syrups or carbonated soft drinks, to their guests in summers.Only 19% of the respondents claimed to serve tea. The remaining 3% either serve some other kind of beverage or do not serve any drinks.|
|Perspective on Respect for Women in Our Society in Accordance to IslamMore than half of all Pakistanis (59%) claim that women are not given their due share of respect as taught in Islam,40% believe that the women in the society are given high level of respect or the right level of respect as prescribed in the Holy Book, or perhaps even more than that.|
|56% Pakistanis Prefer Private Schools; However 70% Send Their Children to Government SchoolsMajority of Pakistanis (74%) have one or more school-going children in their households.Although more than half of the respondents (59%) claim to prefer private schools, a higher percentage of people (70%) have enrolled their children in public/government schools.One of the main reasons for this is affordability; nearly half of all Pakistanis (49%), across all income groups, believe schools charge exorbitant amount of fees…|
|Majority of All Pakistanis Prefer Doctors and Teachers as Neighbours
More than two out of three Pakistanis (78%) would like to have doctors or teachers as their neighbours; these two professions have traditionally enjoyed a high level of respect in our society.On the other hand, very few people are amicable towards having jewellers, tailors and barbers as neighbours; only 7% would like to have them in their neighbourhood, showing a lower level of social status and prejudices or stereotypes about these professions.
More than half of all Pakistanis believe that the heat intensity in their areas has increased over the past few years,
According to 25% of the respondents the heat intensity has remained the same while 17% think it has decreased.
Although in the past few years Pakistan and India have produced numerous dramas and films together but support for such combined media production has fallen since 2007.
Twenty six percent (26%) support the idea of Pakistani artists working in India down from 51% support in 2007. Similarly, 27% favor the idea of Indian artists working in Pakistan down from 55% in 2007. A possible reason for this change in attitude is increasing security tension between the two neighboring countries.
|Majority (74%) Finds Common Ground; Only 23% Believe Islam and Democracy are at OddsMore than two thirds (74%) of all Pakistanis believe that democracy is an important tenet of Islam or at least are compatible in some situations.Twenty three percent (23%), however, argue that Islam and democracy have nothing in common with each other.
Almost equal percentage of respondents claimed to like Lahore (33%) and Islamabad (33%),
while Karachi is liked by 18% of the respondents. Islamabad is the cleanest city according to the majority (65%).
|Political Parties Need to Tend to Their Image; 60% Perceive Them as Highly Corrupt60% Pakistanis think the level of corruption in political parties is high or very high, followed by Parliament (57%) and Private/Business Sector (41%).It is interesting to note that Religious Organizations are perceived to have little or no corruption by 58%, followed by the Pakistan Army (41%) and Media (32%). It must be noted that we are dealing with perceptions which may or may not match reality.
Those seen as cleanest might have the most compromised behavior and vice versa. Our data only deals with ‘as Pakistanis perceive them to be’.
|Majority of Pakistanis Like Moderate Amount of Spices in Their Food; 23% Prefer Strongly SpicedMajority of all Pakistanis (50%) like to have normal amount of spices in their food as compared to 23% of the respondents who claimed to like very spicy food.Twenty six percent (26%) prefer to have less spicy or bland food. Interestingly a higher percentage of respondents from Sindh (31%) and ruralites (24%) showed a preference for hot and spicy food.|
|Majority (85%) Believe Smoking is Injurious to HealthAn overwhelming majority of all Pakistanis (85%) believe smoking to be detrimental for health,75% believe it is equally precarious for men and women and majority supports a complete ban smoking in all public areas.
But despite widespread public disapproval, no significant decline has been found in the incidence of smoking tobacco in the country.
More than half of all Pakistanis (53%) believe that overall Pakistan received less rainfall in the past one year. While the majority of people (52%) believe it is a product of global climate change, a significant percentage (45%) thinks it is due to the God’s wrath (45%). Although most respondents (57%) did not expect scarcity of rainfall to affect their income, almost half of rural respondents (47%) were worried that their income will be affected.
|Nearly Two Thirds of All Pakistanis Purchase Grocery From General Stores; More Urbanites Go to Utility StoresMajority of all Pakistanis go to general stores to purchase grocery items such as rice (64%), Pulses (69%), Sugar (66%), Wheat (68%), Soaps/Detergents (73%), and Cooking oil (68%).A higher percentage of urbanites buy groceries from utility stores and wholesale shops, as compared to ruralites who mostly purchase these items from general stores.|
|Majority Use Only Fans to Cool Their House; Air-Conditioning is a Luxury Which Most Can’t AffordMajority of all Pakistanis (45%) can only afford to use fans to cool their house in the summers. Air coolers are used by 23% followed by additional fans (14%), and air-conditioners (8%).The remaining claimed to sprinkle water or do not do anything to cool down their house. To stay away from the scorching heat, respondents stay at home (33%), cover their heads (27%), eat cold things (26%) or use some other method to fight the heat. The remaining does not do anything.|
|More Than Two Thirds Claim that Inflation Has Increased in The Past Three MonthsMore than two thirds of all Pakistanis (78%) believe that prices have increased in the past three months while according to equal percentage of respondents (11%) there has been a decrease or no difference in the inflationary trend. To over come this increase in inflation, people reduce their expenses (55%), get their income increased (22%), or buy cheaper products (20%). Sixty nine percent (69%) blame the government for such an increase in inflation.|
|Views On Women’s Legal Share According to ShariahThe views are divided on whether women in Pakistan get their Islamic right of share in property.While 56% believe they do, 44% believe women do not get their proper in family property|
|Majority Use Refrigerators to Cool Drinking WaterNearly half of all Pakistanis (52%) use refrigerators to keep the water cold during summers. Some other methods which the respondents have claimed to use are: Water coolers (28%), Mud Utensils (11%), and Electric Coolers (4%). The remaining respondents use some other means of cooling water (3%) or do not drink cold water (1%). It may be noted that not all those using refrigerated water own a refrigerator. Some use the facility with a neighbor or a relative.|
Majority of all Pakistanis (63%) have a lot of or at least a little free time and 36% of the respondents claimed to have no free time. Amongst various activities, watching television was preferred by 40%, followed by meeting friends (24%), doing some other activity (15%), resting or sleeping (13%), and going for outings (3%).
|Insufficient Income is Perceived to be the Main Reason for Pakistanis to MigrateInsufficient income (61%) is the major reason for people to look for jobs outside Pakistan and settle there.Less salary packages (19%), insecure future (15%), and lack of law and order (5%) are some of the other cited reasons for people to migrate in search of better jobs abroad.|
When ever two teams enter into a ground. One will be the winner & the other will be the looser. Passion is good but any game should be treated as opportunity for fun & enjoyment; it should not be the matter of life & death.
I take Indian media as immature & unethical because they sensitize the issues unnecessarily . The fact is that Indian Media always created idols & set unrealistic high expectations but in case of any failure they start abusing & cursing. We have seen the Indian media hype on many occasions e.g. before world cup they commercially presented Indian cricketers as “super man” but in case of any failure the situation was otherwise & even we observed homes of cricketers were stoned by crowd who are psychologically motivated by the Indian media.
We as a Pakistani understand that Indian team is good fighting cricket side. Yes due to old traditional rivalry with India we are happy that India was out from the tournament at an early stage but we do understand that Indian team is one of the good cricket team of the world & they have very talented top class players of the world. No one lost their match by their own will; it’s the part of the game.
We believe that Indian media is exaggerating the situation in below video ( no 01). Another video is a very good example of commercial promotion & usage of Indian Cricketers for the sake of sale of their products, which fire back most of the time to none other than the cricketers themselves.