Kashif Hafeez Siddiqui

Posts Tagged ‘inflation’

Understand Pakistan III – Consumer’s Lifestyle

In Understand Pakistan Series on July 20, 2009 at 9:45 am
Source : http://www.gallup.com.pk/index.php Almost Two Thirds (64%) Prefer Popular Music Over Other Genres of Music arts-music-graphic

Although more than half of all Pakistanis (59%) are fond of listening to music, a significant 39% do not listen to music. Amongst various genres of music, popular music has more listener ship (64%) followed by Ghazals (18%), Qawalis (6%) and others (5%). Ghazals and Qawalis are mostly heard by older people as compared to people under 30 years of age who are fond of popular music. Recent findings show that English music (considered mostly as western music) has less appeal in Pakistan as compared to other genres. Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more of the mass media.

Majority (72%) Prefers Using Tooth Paste to Clean Their TeethToothpasteMore than two thirds of all Pakistanis (72%) use toothpaste for dental care followed by Miswak and Manjan Powder each used by 18% and 9% respectively. Amongst those who do not use tooth paste, majority (27%) claimed toothpaste is an expensive product, 25% said there is no specific reason for them to not use tooth paste, 17% believe tooth paste does not clean teeth properly, 22% claimed they use Miswak instead, because it is cheaper and 6% said that their method of cleaning their teeth (i.e Miswak) is a Sunnat (practiced and promoted by the Prophet sws).
Majority (82%) Claim Their Eating Habits Have Changed Due to Increase in the Prices of Food Itemspot1More  than two thirds of all Pakistanis (82%) claim that an increase in the price of food items has affected their eating habits to a great or at least to some extent. Ten percent (10%) of the respondents stated that inflation in food items has had a very little affect on their eating habits where as for 7% there has been no change. Rise in the prices of eatables has made people from all income groups to change their eating habits.
Majority Believes (41%) that Parents Should Allow Their Children to Marry Someone of Their Own ChoiceHigher number of Pakistanis (41%) believe that parents should allow their children to marry someone of their own choice, CALTZ3M8while 31% said they should not be allowed. Twenty eight percent (28%) claimed that it all depends on the situation. The data reveals that boys tend to get more support for love marriage as compared to their female counter parts. It must however be noted that concepts like ‘marriage by choice’ are strongly influenced by customs and traditions and ‘love marriage’ may not necessarily be the term that captures the meaning of our respondents. It is our approximation, open for debate. According to analysts at Gallup Pakistan, opposition to ‘marriage by choice’ may not be so stark as it seems and may connote an opposition to choice which is disapproved by the family. Similarly support for choice may also not be so open-ended as to endorse defiance of views of other family members. The findings of the survey should be read in that context.
41% Claim to Have Access to a Motorcycle; Majority does not have any Personal TransportationPakistani Man riding motorcycleMajority of all Pakistanis do not own any means of personal transportation, 8% have claimed to own a car and 41% of the respondents said they have access to motorcycles. Motorcycles may or may not be owned by them and might belong to a close relative or work place. A higher percentage of urbanites compared to the ruralites, have access to cars or motorcycles.
More Than 50% Men and Women in Pakistan Claim to Assist Each Other in Running the HouseholdMen (56%) and women (55%) in Pakistan claim that they assist each other in running the household. There are some choresPAKISTAN-POLITICS-VOTE inside the house with which men claim to help and women are also believed to partake in running errands outside the house. However there is still a significantly high percentage of men (43%) and women (44%) who do not take each others responsibilities, instead they play the role customs and socialization has described for them.
One Fourth of Pakistanis Claim Their Family Member Suffered Due to Heat Intensitysunshine_3One fourth of all Pakistanis (29%) claimed someone from their family member fell sick because of the heat intensity this year, where as 68% said the heat did not affect anyone’s health in their family.
Very Few Mosques Are Believed to Provide a Separate Praying Area for Womenmuslim_women_women_praying_in_mosqueMajority of all Pakistanis (85%) said that mosques situated in their local areas do not have any sort of reserved place for women to take part in the congregational prayers, while 12% claimed their local mosques do. The survey shows that Punjab is believed to have maximum number of mosques with female praying areas.
21% Claim to Have a Recreational Park Near Their House; 42% Regularly Visit These Parks

parks_Sheffield Park21% of all Pakistanis said they have a recreational park near their house, whereas the majority (79%) claimed to have no such facility. Amongst those who do have a park near their residence, majority (42%) claimed to be regular visitors.

Views on Methods of Social ChangePublic attitude is divided on how best to change and improve society.WOMEN A third of Pakistanis subscribe to revolutionary views, another third support gradual reform and the remaining third want the status quo to remain. Interestingly, men showed a proportionately higher preference for revolutionary change while women claimed to equally support both revolution and gradual reformation for bringing change in society
Very Few Pakistanis Can Afford Recreational Activitieshsandrec_home1Only a minority of all Pakistanis participate in outdoor activities such as Eating out (31%), Domestic travel for fun (27%), Domestic travel for work (16%), and Foreign travel for fun and work (1% each) within a span of one year. Majority are unable to do any of these activities possibly due to lack of finances and opportunity. Interestingly there is a flip side to it. As opportunities for financially affordable individual and nuclear-family focused activities are few, most Pakistanis seek entertainment in extended-family based congregations and communal gatherings.
One Third of Pakistanis View Globalization Favorably, the Rest Are Divided; Half of Them Believe Foreign Investment Has a Positive ImpactglobalizationWhile the majority of Pakistanis (35%) have favorable views about globalization, a sizeable percentage think it is neither good nor bad (28%) or simply have not formed a view yet (24%). Despite this ambiguity, more than half (52%) deem foreign investment to be valuable for their country’s economic progress.
Only 5% Claimed to Have Traveled Abroad; UAE Tops The Most-Visited ListPIAMajority of all Pakistanis (95%) have never had a chance to travel outside Pakistan, only 5% said they have gone abroad. Amongst those, who have traveled overseas, majority (52%) have visited UAE. The remaining respondents have claimed to visit Asian countries (24%), Europe (13%), and Africa/USA (10%). The survey shows that majority (44%) of these people went abroad for employment or business ventures and one third (34%) traveled to perform Haj or Umra (The Holy Pilgrimage to Mekkah). Some of the other reasons cited were recreation (8%), visiting relatives (8%), and education or others (6%).
While Majority (47%) Claim to Earn Enough For Living, 42% Said Their Income is Not EnoughOnly a hand full of Pakistanis (11%) earn such that they can have savings, where as most of the respondents either earn dollars040104enough for their living (47%) or below average (42%). Regarding their current economic condition, 38% claimed it is the same as in the previous year and 31% said it is a little better. Forty three percent (43%) said that their personal economic conditions would remain the same in the future and 41% are hopeful that their financial situation would either be a lot better (12%) or at least a little better (29%) after one year. It must be noted that these are perceptions and may or may not match the material situation experienced by the respondents.
31% Use Emergency Lights During Load SheddingPakistan-Load-SheddingMajority (42%) of all Pakistanis require electricity to a great or some extent to do their work. Just as many (42%) are either forced to terminate their work during the day or discontinue working during load shedding. Only 11% have the luxury of using generators or UPS.

Understand Pakistan (Part II) – Insights of Pakistani Consumers

In Understand Pakistan Series on June 28, 2009 at 7:12 pm

This is the second episode of our efforts to provide the basic knowledge about Pakistani consumers daily habits & practices. Hope you will not only read it but also introduce this facts to others in your debates & discussios.

Source : http://www.gallup.com.pk/index.php

More Than Half of All Pakistanis Are Cricket Fans; 5109_215068700423_822130423_7218221_4818836_n

More than half of all Pakistanis (55%) take interest in sports, just as many like cricket in particular.


Honesty is Perceived as the Top Most Quality in a Leader

Honesty is the most important characteristic for a good leader as majority of the Pakistanis (59%) ranked it number one out of eight options.

It was followed by 18% who think piety and 10% who think a good education are the most important qualities.

66% Believe Human Rights Are Observed in PakistanEVERYHUMANHASRIGHTS_thumbTwo thirds of Pakistanis (66%) believe human rights are observed in Pakistan to a great or some extent, but only six in ten believe there is equality before the law.When the respondents were read out a list of human rights it was seen that majority believe that all of those are followed in Pakistan: Right to Freedom of Religion (90%), Right to Freedom of Expression (78%), Right to Marriage with consent of the intending spouses (78%), Right to Freedom from Torture (64%), Right to Just and Favorable Remuneration (65%),
Two Thirds of All Pakistanis Serve Cold Beverages to their Guests During Summers cold-drinks-BLUEMore than two thirds (78%) of all Pakistanis prefer to serve cold beverages, such as syrups or carbonated soft drinks, to their guests in summers.Only 19% of the respondents claimed to serve tea. The remaining 3% either serve some other kind of beverage or do not serve any drinks.
Perspective on Respect for Women in Our Society in Accordance to Islammuslim-woman-and-childMore than half of all Pakistanis (59%) claim that women are not given their due share of respect as taught in Islam,40% believe that the women in the society are given high level of respect or the right level of respect as prescribed in the Holy Book, or perhaps even more than that.
56% Pakistanis Prefer Private Schools; However 70% Send Their Children to Government Schoolspakistan-schoolMajority of Pakistanis (74%) have one or more school-going children in their households.Although more than half of the respondents (59%) claim to prefer private schools, a higher percentage of people (70%) have enrolled their children in public/government schools.One of the main reasons for this is affordability; nearly half of all Pakistanis (49%), across all income groups, believe schools charge exorbitant amount of fees…
Majority of All Pakistanis Prefer Doctors and Teachers as Neighbours Neighbours
More than two out of three Pakistanis (78%) would like to have doctors or teachers as their neighbours; these two professions have traditionally enjoyed a high level of respect in our society.On the other hand, very few people are amicable towards having jewellers, tailors and barbers as neighbours; only 7% would like to have them in their neighbourhood, showing a lower level of social status and prejudices or stereotypes about these professions.

Heat Intensity Is Perceived to Have Increased Over the Past Few Yearssunshine_6

More than half of all Pakistanis believe that the heat intensity in their areas has increased over the past few years,

According to 25% of the respondents the heat intensity has remained the same while 17% think it has decreased.

Support for Pak-India Combined Media Productions Declinespak-india-flags1_0

Although in the past few years Pakistan and India have produced numerous dramas and films together but support for such combined media production has fallen since 2007.

Twenty six percent (26%) support the idea of Pakistani artists working in India down from 51% support in 2007. Similarly, 27% favor the idea of Indian artists working in Pakistan down from 55% in 2007. A possible reason for this change in attitude is increasing security tension between the two neighboring countries.

Majority (74%) Finds Common Ground; Only 23% Believe Islam and Democracy are at OddsDemocracy1More than two thirds (74%) of all Pakistanis believe that democracy is an important tenet of Islam or at least are compatible in some situations.Twenty three percent (23%), however, argue that Islam and democracy have nothing in common with each other.

Public is Unanimous on Islamabad Being the Cleanest Cityfaisalmosque-islamabad

Almost equal percentage of respondents claimed to like Lahore (33%) and Islamabad (33%),

while Karachi is liked by 18% of the respondents. Islamabad is the cleanest city according to the majority (65%).

Pk flagPolitical Parties Need to Tend to Their Image; 60% Perceive Them as Highly Corrupt60% Pakistanis think the level of corruption in political parties is high or very high, followed by Parliament (57%) and Private/Business Sector (41%).It is interesting to note that Religious Organizations are perceived to have little or no corruption by 58%, followed by the Pakistan Army (41%) and Media (32%). It must be noted that we are dealing with perceptions which may or may not match reality.

Those seen as cleanest might have the most compromised behavior and vice versa. Our data only deals with ‘as Pakistanis perceive them to be’.

Majority of Pakistanis Like Moderate Amount of Spices in Their Food; 23% Prefer Strongly SpicedIndian_SpicesMajority of all Pakistanis (50%) like to have normal amount of spices in their food as compared to 23% of the respondents who claimed to like very spicy food.Twenty six percent (26%) prefer to have less spicy or bland food. Interestingly a higher percentage of respondents from Sindh (31%) and ruralites (24%) showed a preference for hot and spicy food.
Smoking_LogoMajority (85%) Believe Smoking is Injurious to HealthAn overwhelming majority of all Pakistanis (85%) believe smoking to be detrimental for health,75% believe it is equally precarious for men and women and majority supports a complete ban smoking in all public areas.

But despite widespread public disapproval, no significant decline has been found in the incidence of smoking tobacco in the country.


52% Believe Decrease in Rainfall is Caused by Global Climate Change; 45% See it as Divine Penancehands+in+rain

More than half of all Pakistanis (53%) believe that overall Pakistan received less rainfall in the past one year. While the majority of people (52%) believe it is a product of global climate change, a significant percentage (45%) thinks it is due to the God’s wrath (45%). Although most respondents (57%) did not expect scarcity of rainfall to affect their income, almost half of rural respondents (47%) were worried that their income will be affected.

unkleNearly Two Thirds of All Pakistanis Purchase Grocery From General Stores; More Urbanites Go to Utility StoresMajority of all Pakistanis go to general stores to purchase grocery items such as rice (64%), Pulses (69%), Sugar (66%), Wheat (68%), Soaps/Detergents (73%), and Cooking oil (68%).A higher percentage of urbanites buy groceries from utility stores and wholesale shops, as compared to ruralites who mostly purchase these items from general stores.
Majority Use Only Fans to Cool Their House; Air-Conditioning is a Luxury Which Most Can’t AffordimagesMajority of all Pakistanis (45%) can only afford to use fans to cool their house in the summers. Air coolers are used by 23% followed by additional fans (14%), and air-conditioners (8%).The remaining claimed to sprinkle water or do not do anything to cool down their house. To stay away from the scorching heat, respondents stay at home (33%), cover their heads (27%), eat cold things (26%) or use some other method to fight the heat. The remaining does not do anything.
rupeesMore Than Two Thirds Claim that Inflation Has Increased in The Past Three MonthsMore than two thirds of all Pakistanis (78%) believe that prices have increased in the past three months while according to equal percentage of respondents (11%) there has been a decrease or no difference in the inflationary trend. To over come this increase in inflation, people reduce their expenses (55%), get their income increased (22%), or buy cheaper products (20%). Sixty nine percent (69%) blame the government for such an increase in inflation.
womanViews On Women’s Legal Share According to ShariahThe  views are divided on whether women in Pakistan get their Islamic right of share in property.While 56% believe they do, 44% believe women do not get their proper in family property
RefrigeratorsMajority Use Refrigerators to Cool Drinking WaterNearly half of all Pakistanis (52%) use refrigerators to keep the water cold during summers. Some other methods which the respondents have claimed to use are: Water coolers (28%), Mud Utensils (11%), and Electric Coolers (4%). The remaining respondents use some other means of cooling water (3%) or do not drink cold water (1%). It may be noted that not all those using refrigerated water own a refrigerator. Some use the facility with a neighbor or a relative.

Watching TV is a Favorite Pastimetv view

Majority of all Pakistanis (63%) have a lot of or at least a little free time and 36% of the respondents claimed to have no free time. Amongst various activities, watching television was preferred by 40%, followed by meeting friends (24%), doing some other activity (15%), resting or sleeping (13%), and going for outings (3%).

PIAInsufficient Income is Perceived to be the Main Reason for Pakistanis to MigrateInsufficient income (61%) is the major reason for people to look for jobs outside Pakistan and settle there.Less salary packages (19%), insecure future (15%), and lack of law and order (5%) are some of the other cited reasons for people to migrate in search of better jobs abroad.